Multimedia in instructional content development is not just desirable in online learning; it is an essential element. From hieroglyphics in Ancient Egypt to multimedia today, its need does not diminish. And there are psychological reasons supported by experimental findings for that.
Richard Mayer, an American education psychologist, wrote comprehensively about multimedia elements in his seminal book Multimedia Learning. He highlights how humans process information and the need for multimedia integration in online learning.
These assumptions, on which the cognitive theory of multimedia learning is based, highlight the need for multimedia integration in instructional content development. They are:
- The Dual-Channel Assumption states that humans possess different channels for auditory and visual information,
- The Limited-Capacity Assumption states that humans have a limit on the amount of information they can possess and
- The Active-Processing Assumption states that humans must cognitively engage with materials to absorb information.
These assumptions give a panoramic observation of what a lack of multimedia elements could do. They also bring out how multimedia integration can help negate the drawbacks of these assumptions.
For example, KITABOO, the digital textbook platform has incorporated multimedia elements in digital textbooks, resulting in higher engagement and an immersive user experience. In this article, we will dive deep into understanding the impact of multimedia-led instructional content development.
Table of Contents
- Sets Learning Objectives Coherently with Visual Representation
- Increases Scope & Enhances Learner Engagement
- Assists in the Development of Comprehensible, In-Depth Content
- Efficient Localization, Accessibility-Adaptation of Content
- Enables Progress Tracking within the Instructional Content
- Allows for Discussions and Collaboration
- Enhanced Real-World Context
What is Multimedia in the Context of Instructional Content Development?
Multimedia in instructional content development refers to creating a kind of instruction that is not just words. They are a combination of more than just one media type and involve the use of technology.
Some of the multimedia elements are:
- Spoken audio
- Recorded videos
- Animated videos
These are multimedia elements that help increase the efficacy of instructional content development by enhancing comprehension and retention.
7 Ways in Which Multimedia Integration Impacts Instructional Content Development
Multimedia elements can positively impact instructional content development in various ways. Here are a few of the most significant ones:
Sets Learning Objectives Coherently with Visual Representation
A key outcome to achieve while designing course content is to ensure that the learning objectives are communicated coherently.
Multimedia elements like graphs and infographics can facilitate a visual representation of the objectives for a better grasp. They also allow the learners to return to the objectives and track progress at a glance.
Increases Scope & Enhances Learner Engagement
Elements like videos help in making instruction content more interesting as they are interactive and capture a student’s attention.
An increase in interest is directly proportional to the rise in focus and, consequently, engagement. They can also aid in stimulating thinking and response strengthening.
Assists in the Development of Comprehensible, In-Depth Content
Elements like images, animations, etc., help to convey complex concepts quickly. Visual aids increase comprehension, too.
This paves the way for instructional content development to offer in-depth, immersive learning opportunities without compromising on understanding knowledge retention.
Efficient Localization, Accessibility-Adaptation of Content
Localization of instructional content is incomplete without multimedia elements. They infuse a cultural context that makes the course more relatable and diverse.
They also make the content more accessible by adding elements like audio for the visually impaired, for example.
Enables Progress Tracking within the Instructional Content
Multimedia elements, such as interactive quizzes and assessments, allow the learner to track the progress of their goals.
They also assist in identifying areas of improvement. This helps in making the course more learner-friendly and improves its success rate in the long run.
Allows for Discussions and Collaboration
Integration of forums, video conferences, social media platforms, etc., allows learners to share feedback, encourage discussions, and knowledge transmission.
This improves the overall course outcome through interaction. This also opens up a feedback channel that can give course designers first-hand suggestions to improve the instructional content.
Enhanced Real-World Context
Multimedia is likened to practicality, which infuses real-world context into an otherwise theoretical course. KITABOO, for example, achieved phenomenal results by working with a school network on digital textbooks.
This improves the relevance and application of the learning material. It can also bring in reliability, especially when case studies or documentaries, for example, are incorporated within the course content.
The Principles of Multimedia Learning to Support Pedagogy and Bring Out the Impact
Experiments with multimedia learning revealed some interesting findings that could prove instrumental in instructional content development. Here are a few:
- People learn better from words and pictures than from just words.
- Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are placed near each other and simultaneously rather than far away and successively.
- Learning through multimedia is better when placed in user-paced segments than continuous ones.
- People learn better from pictures and spoken words than from pictures and written words.
Through thoughtful construction, these principles can help amplify the impact of multimedia in instructional content development.
Multimedia in Pedagogy: Closing Thoughts
While multimedia integration in pedagogy is a must, the on-ground reality also needs to be worked upon to make learning with multimedia effective. A study found that 55% of teachers have an ‘average’ knowledge of using multimedia for instruction. This emphasizes the need to involve experts like KITABOO, who can integrate multimedia during instructional content development that is easy to use and effective.
After assessing the positive impact of multimedia on learning, the times also call for enhanced teacher training. The adoption of cutting-edge technology like Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality into teaching is also the need of the hour as multimedia is the future.
Additionally, Mayer’s experiments have been summarized as guidelines to aid multimedia-powered instructional content development, outlined here and can be referred to. All of this combined can assist in achieving the desired impact through multimedia in learning.
Educational publishers have the opportunity to harness the expertise and top-notch technological solutions offered by KITABOO. This can augment pedagogical development and provide seamless solutions for integration, distribution, and other digital publishing needs.
To know more, get in touch with us at KITABOO@hurix.com.
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